Firstly, HCMC proposed that the Ministry of Construction review and assess the project “Planning solid waste treatment in HCMC up to 2025, with a vision up to 2050” before submitting it to the Prime Minister for approval. This project was submitted to the Ministry of Construction by the Popular Committee of HCMC in Report No. 472 / TTr-UBND on February 9, 2021 then in Dispatch No. 3509 / UBND-DT on September 14, 2021.
Secondly, HCMC suggested that the Natural Resources and Environment introduce a formal document stipulating the economic and technical regulations on the collection, transport and treatment of domestic solid waste to be applied nationwide in accordance with the provisions of the Law on environmental protection 2020.
Previously, these regulations were the responsibility of the Ministry of Construction. However, clause 5 of article 79 of the law n° 72/2020/QH14, promulgated on November 17, 2020 by the National Assembly, relating to the protection of the environment assigns this responsibility to natural resources and the environment.
Third, HCMC proposed that the National Assembly Committee on Science, Technology and the Environment assist the city in including initial facility assistance policies and workplace personal protective equipment in the draft cooperative law (amended) which will be published shortly. This content was suggested by the HCMC Department of Natural Resources and Environment when discussing the project. This proposal aims to help bring individual private waste collectors together in cooperatives or companies with a legal entity.
Fourth, HCMC suggested that the Ministry of Construction consider adjusting the safety distance for waste collection transits located in residential areas if they meet technical and environmental requirements, apply modern closed waste compaction technology to ensure sanitation and urban beauty. These satisfactory transits should be allowed to use a suitable surface and trees to separate them from the residential areas of the city.
Fifthly, HCMC proposed that the National Assembly Committee on Science, Technology and Environment direct relevant ministries and agencies to cooperate in reviewing and seeking consensus on the Environmental Protection Act. the environment, the law on prices. Accordingly, clauses 1 and 6 of section 79 of the Environmental Protection Act 2020 provide that the provincial people’s committees shall regulate the prices for the collection, transportation and treatment of household solid waste in accordance with the price law.
However, Clause 7 of Article 1 of Decree No. 149/2016/ND-CP, issued on November 11, 2016 by the Government, stipulates that the provincial people’s committee regulates the maximum price for the collection, transportation and treatment household solid waste from the budget stage.
Sixth, HCMC suggested that relevant ministries and state agencies promptly elaborate and announce the allocated investment and household solid waste treatment price for waste-to-energy incineration technology. This will become the basis for auctions to legally select appropriate investors.
Seventh, HCMC proposed that the Ministry of Industry and Commerce add waste-to-energy projects in the city to the national planning for solid waste energy development. This action allows investors to quickly complete the legal procedures necessary to launch incineration plants in 2022.
Eighth, HCMC suggested that the National Assembly Committee on Science, Technology and Environment and relevant ministries, state agencies consider the legal aspect so that the city can increase the volume of waste treatment in valid contracts with its partners who have successfully upgraded technologies to enhance their capability.
Also, with regard to the increase in the volume of waste, the People’s Committee of HCMC requested approval to organize auctions for the provision of non-commercial public services (where the State leases land in the treatment complex solid waste), not the implementation of the public-private partnership model (PPP).