WFP Eswatini National Annual Report 2021 – Eswatini




Food insecurity in Eswatini has been compounded in 2021 by the COVID-19 pandemic, poor harvest, soaring food prices, limited income earning opportunities, deepening poverty and civil unrest – all contributing to a more challenging operating environment for WFP.

WFP continued to contribute to the United Nations Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework 2021-2025. In line with the Sustainable Development Goals and Eswatini’s Zero Hunger Strategic Review, it has identified gender equality as a key priority, strengthening its staffing capacity to improve gender mainstreaming in all activities. At the heart of WFP’s strategic plan for the country is a shift towards providing technical assistance and support for the coordination of national food and nutrition security policies and programs through transformative approaches to gender that empower women and girls.

With the government, cooperating partners and community organizations, WFP continued to provide technical support and engage in capacity building based on three strategic objectives.
Under strategic outcome 1, it provided cash and food transfers to targeted food-insecure households in 20 constituencies to enable them to meet their basic food needs. WFP continued to use the SCOPE beneficiary and transfer management platform and, with cooperating partners, implemented crisis response activities with unconditional resource transfers, reaching 157,000 people. Monitoring indicated improved household food security among beneficiaries, as evidenced by better acceptable food consumption scores compared to baseline.
Under strategic outcome 2, in partnership with the Government, other national actors and United Nations agencies, WFP engaged in capacity-building and support activities for smallholder farmers to improve their access to markets, including linking them to the Home Grown School Feeding (HGSF) project. A total of 672 smallholder farmers – 61 percent of them women – sold products to WFP. It has also introduced smallholders to conservation agriculture with a view to achieving a more diverse diet in Neighborhood Care Points (PCNs). Over 500 NCPs have directly benefited from this initiative.

Under strategic outcome 3, WFP supported national social protection system actors to identify and support the most food-insecure and nutritionally vulnerable populations. Support included nutritious meals for 55,000 orphans and vulnerable children in pre-school PCNs and meals for 24,392 children in primary and secondary schools. A total of 232 households with people living with HIV participated in livelihood activities. Capacity building support was also provided to government and NGOs for the generation, management and use of food security monitoring and analysis. This included supporting the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister in reviewing an NCP strategy to be finalized in 2022.

WFP continued to build capacity and provide technical assistance to the Government in several areas aimed at improving food and nutrition security, social security and the livelihoods of vulnerable populations, including children and youth, women and people living with HIV.


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